• Pininta Veronika Silalahi University of 17 Agustus 1945 Surabaya
Keywords: assimilation, connected speech, difficulties, phonetics


This study is intended to investigate the difficulties encountered by the students of English department in transcribing words in connected speech where assimilation occurs. The assimilation investigated is limited to alveolars /t, d, n) to the neighbouring sound palatal /j, k,g/. Pronouncing words in connected speech is one of the problems that show up in learning EFL. The way words are spoken in isolation and in connected speech may differ significantly. Dealt with the difference, there are two questions to answer in this study. Question one is how students transcribe words in connected speech where assimilation occurs; question two is to describe what sound is assimilated to what sound. To answer the question of the study, descriptive qualitative design is applied. Data were collected from 50 students by giving 7 sentences to transcribe where assimilation occurs in a part of the sentences. Students were asked to transcribe the whole sentences and describe what sound has been assimilated to what sound. The result shows that 18 students can transcribe correctly the phonetic transcription of the assimilated sounds and describe what sound is assimilated to what sound. There are 32 students who transcribe the sentences as isolated words and cannot show where assimilation occurs. Thus, there is no description of the assimilation by these students. It leads to say that knowledge of pronouncing words in connected speech is poor. This suggests improvement by giving more practices in pronouncing not only individual words but words in connected speech. Students also need listening exercises to crosscheck the transcription they make while listening.  


Adeline, Febby Dwi. (2020). Pronunciation Problems of Indonesian EFL Learners in Pro- nouncing /g/ Sound. Education of English as Foreign Language Journal (EDUCAFL), Vol. 3 (1): 1-4.

Ambalegin and Fasaaro Hulu. (2019). EFL Learners’ Phonological Interference of English Articulation. Journal BASIS, Vol. 6 no. 2: 145-155.

Ashtiani, Farshid Tayari and Amir Mahdavi Zafarghandi. (2015). The Effect of English Verbal Songs on Connected Speech Aspects of Adult English Learners’ Speech Production. Advances in Language and Literary Studies, Vol. 6 No. 1: 212-226.

Ball, Martin J. and Joan Rahilly. 2013. Phonetics: The Science of Speech. New York: Routledge.

Cruttenden, A. (2014), ‘Gimson’s Pronunciation of English (8thed.)’, London: Routledge.

Ghounane, Nadia. (2018). Difficulties Encountered in Teaching English Pronunciation for EFL Learners. ISSN: 2170-0575/ EISSN 2602-5124, https://www.researchgate.net/publication/341967663_Difficulties_Encountered_In_Teaching_English_Pronunciation_For_EFL_Learners.

Jam, Bashir et.al. 2014. An Intralingual Analysis of Iranian EFL Learners’ Difficulties Caused by the Inconsistency between Spelling and Pronunciation. International Journal of Educational Investigation, Vol. 1, No, 1: 134-147.

Kreidler, Charles W. (2004). The Pronunciation of English. Oxford: Blackwell.

Ladefoged, Peter and Keith Johnson. 2011. A Course in Phonetics. Boston: Wadsworth.

Larsen-Freeman, D. 2008. ‘Does TESOL share theories with other disciplines?’ TESOL Quarterly 42/2: 291–4

Lenneberg EH (1967). Biological foundations of language. New York: Wiley.

Liang, Danxin. 2015. Chinese Learners’ Pronunciation Problems and Listening Difficulties in English Connected Speech in Asian Social Science; Vol. 11, No. 16.

Nikbakht, Hamid. (2011). EFL Pronunciation Teaching: A Theoretical Review. In The Journal of Applied Linguistics Vol. 4, Issue 1

Ogden, Richard. 2009. An Introduction to English Phonetics. Edinburgh: Edinburgh University Press.

Skandera, P. & Burleigh, P. (2011), A Manual of English Phonetics and Phonology, Tübingen: Narr

Tench, Paul. 2011. Transcribing the Sound of English. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Thomson, R. & Derwing, T. 2014. The effectiveness of L2 pronunciation instruction: A narrative review. Applied Linguistics, 36(3), 326-344. doi: 10.1093/applin/amu076.

Vancová, Hana. (2019). Current Issues in Pronunciation Teaching. In Journal of Language and Cultural Education to Non-Native Learners of English, vol. 7 no. 2, pp. 140-155. William F. 2013. Phonetics For Dummies. New Jersey: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.

Yule, George. (2010). The Study of Language. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

How to Cite
Silalahi, P. (2022). LEARNERS’ PROBLEMS IN TRANSCRIBING WORDS IN CONNECTED SPEECH. Anaphora: Journal of Language, Literary, and Cultural Studies, 4(2), 87-96. https://doi.org/10.30996/anaphora.v4i2.5880