• Zainul Arifin
Keywords: capital, field, habitus, violence, Symbolic


This study looks at symbolic violence in Alex Urban's novel The Kingfisher Secret. In Alex Urban's work The Kingfisher Secret, the author investigates the emergence of symbolic violence and analyzes Bourdieu's capital and habitus. To assist the understanding of symbolic violence, this research employs Pierre Bourdieu's symbolic violence idea, as well as habitus, field, and capital theory. This study employs Wellek and Warren's extrinsic method, in which literary material is examined from a social perspective. The author employs a descriptive qualitative technique to locate symbolic violence. The findings demonstrate that in Alex Urban's work The Kingfisher Secrets, symbolic violence is portrayed by offering a present (gift exchange), expressing compassion, delivering an order (indirect command), and respectfully declining. The habitus is brutally capitalistic, rationalizing any means and aspirations to improve one's life and circumstances. The agency uses symbolic violence to achieve its goals and gain dominance.


Akbal, A & Kasapoglu, A. (2020). Relational Sociological Analysis of Symbolic Violence: The Case Study in the Field of Health. Article. Reports on Global Health Research Volume 3 Issue 1. Turkey: Physical Therapy and Rehabilitation Training and Research Hospital.

Cahyaning, A. (2019). Three Critical Approaches in Literary Critism: An Example Analysis on Matthew Arnold’s Dover Beach. Article. Anaphora: Journal of Language, Literary, and Cultural Studies Volume 2 Number 2. Indonesia: Universitas 17 Agustus 1945 Surabaya.

Colaguori, C. (2010). Symbolic Violence and The Violation of Human Rights: Continuing the Sociological Critique Domination. International Journal of Criminology and Sociological Theory, Vol. 3, No. 2. Canada: York University.

Connolly P., Healy J. (2006). Symbolic Violence, Locality and Social Class: The Educational and Career Aspirations of 10-11-year-old Boys in Belfast. Article. Pedagogy, Culture and Society Volume 12 Number 1. Belfast: Queen’s University.

Costa, C., & Murphy, M. (2015). Bourdieu, Habitus and Social Research: The Art of Application. London: Palgrave Macmillan.

Creswell, J. W. (2018). Research Design: Qualitative, Quantitative, and Mixed Methods Approaches. London: SAGE Publications, Inc.

Cui D & Worrel F. (2019). Media, Symbolic Violence and Racialized Habitus: Voices From Chinese Canadian Youth. Article. Canadian Journal of Sociology Vol. 44 No.3. Canada

Grenfell, M. (2012). Pierre Bourdieu Key Concept (2nd Edition ed.). London: Routledge.

Samuel, C. (2013). Symbolic Violence and Collective Identity: Pierre Bourdieu and the Ethics of Resistance. Social Movement Studies: Journal of Social, Cultural and Political Protest.

Susanti, N & Hari, G. (2021). Understanding Bourdieu’s Distinction: Social and Literary Contestation To Gain Legitimate Position. Article. Anaphora: Journal of Language, Literary, and Cultural Studies. Indonesia: Universitas 17 Agustus 1945 Surabaya.

Schubert, J. D. (2013). Suffering/symbolic violence. In M. Grenfell, Pierre Bourdieu: Key Concepts (hal. 183 - 198). London: Routledge.

Urban, A. (2018). The Kingfisher Secret. Canada: Penguin Random House.

Walby, S. (2012). Violence and Society: Introducing to emerging field sociology. Article. Current Sociology Monograph. Lancaster: Lancaster University.

Wellek, R & Warren, A. (2017). Theory of Literature (Classic Reprint). London: Fb&c Limited.

How to Cite
Arifin, Z. (2022). THE STUDY OF BOURDIEU’S SYMBOLIC VIOLENCE IN ALEX URBAN’S “THE KINGFISHER SECRET”. Anaphora: Journal of Language, Literary, and Cultural Studies, 4(2), 147-161.