INITIATING LAW REFORM IN INDONESIA (FROM THE DIGNIFIED JUSTICE PERSPECTIVE)

  • Christina Maya Indah S Faculty of Law of Kristen Satya Wacana Salatiga University
  • Teguh Prasetyo Faculty of Law of Kristen Satya Wacana Salatiga University
Keywords: law reform, dignified justice, pancasila legal system

Abstract

It is argued in this article that a study on the law reform of a country is the study which related to understanding of a scientific paradigm which made up of the basic idea of a country’s legal system. The main argument in this article is that the basic idea ofma legalmrefom on a legal system must be build upon the enforcement of the juridical principles found and developed in the system. This is derived from a postulate of the Dignified Justice teory perspective.In this view legal virtues underpinning a legal system are examined together as one system of principles and rules or a legal system. Philosophically, or it is a theoretical and a paradigm that law is believed as inseparable from the legal science itself. This philosophy has been developed to make a correction to the sociological jurisprudence perspective, which mainly argued that each occurence of social changes in a legal system cannot be answered by regulation alone. The sociological jurisprudence point of view argues that law is confined to the status quo of a society. Many has argued that this sociological indicative has occurred in many civil law systems, in particular Indonesia, to be used as its best prototype. In the Indonesian legal system, law is positioned as rules and regulations made by the legislative branch of the government. In this perspective laws has been excluded from humanity almost altogether. This article argues that Pancasila as the Indonesia Legal System is the way to solve this problem. Since Pancasila is used as the basis of the State and the source of all legal sources. For this reason, it is interesting to examine how the Pancasila actually became a basis of values in initiating the project of law reform in Indonesia.

References

Agung Wisnu Barata, Teguh Prasetyo and Jawade Hafidz, The Recruitment to Fill the Position of the Indonesian Civil Service Apparatus (A Dignified Justice Theory Perspective); Int. J. Adv. Res. 5(12), 136-141.

Anwar Sodik, Teguh Prasetyo, and Sri Endah Wahyuningsih, Reconstruction on the Legal Policy for Handeling Eradicating Deforestration Based on the Dignified Justice Perspective, Int. J. Adv. Res. 5(11), 277-283.

Arief, Barda Nawawi, Bunga Rampai Kebijakan Hukum Pidana, Perkembangan Penyusunan Konsep KUHP Baru (Jakarta: Kencana Prenada madia Group, 2008)

Blumberg, Abraham S., Criminal Justice (Toronto: Burns and Mac Eachern Ltd, 1967)

Dharmendra Kumar Singh and Amit Singh, Appointment of Judges and Overview of Collegium System In India: A Need to Reform, Int. J. Adv. Res. 5(6), 900-906.

Dworkin, Ronald, Freedom’s Law; The Moral Reading of the American Constitution (Harvard University Press, 1996)

Friedman, Lawrence M., The Legal System, a Social Science Perspective (New York: Russell Sage Foundation, 1975)

Goldsmith, Andrew J., Complains Against the Police: The Trend to External Review (Oxford, New York: Clarendon Press, 1991)

Harahap, M.Yahya, Pembahasan Permasalahan Dan Penerapan KUHAP: Penyidikan Dan Penuntutan, Edisi II (Sinar Grafika, 2002)

Hartono, Sunarjati, Kapita Selekta Perbandingan Hukum (Bandung: Alumni, 1968)

Leyh, Gregory, Hermeneutika Hukum, Sejarah, Teori Dan Praktik, ed. by terj. M. Khosim terj . Legal Hermeneutics (Bandung: Nusa Media, 2008)

Michael, Reed, The Sociology of Organization Themes, Perspectives an Prospects (New York: Harvester Wheatsheaf, 1992)

Notohamidjojo, O., Demi Keadilan Dan Kemanusiaan (Jakarta Pusat: BPK Gunung Mulia, 1975)

Prasetyo, Teguh, Penelitian Hukum Dalam Perspektif Teori Keadilan Bermartabat, Cetakan Pe (Bandung: Nusa Media, 2019)

Quinney, Richard, Criminology: Analysis and Critique of Crime in America (Boston: Little Brown and Company, 1975)

Rasjidi, Lili, Dasar-Dasar Filsafat Hukum (Bandung: Alumni, 1982)

Rendra Kurniawan Prasetya, Teguh Prasetyo and Slamet Suhartono, Diversion as a Method of Dispute Settlement for the Offence of Road Trafic Transportation Accident (The Dignified Justice Perspective), Int. J. Adv. Res. 5(12), XX-XX.

Saragih, Tomy M, ‘Korelasi Tuhan Dan Demokrasi Di Indonesia Setelah Pemerintahan Orde Baru’, Lex Jurnalica, 10.2 (2013)

Scholten, Paul, Struktur Ilmu Hukum, ed. by alih bahasa B. Arief Sidharta (Alumni, Bandung.: terj. De Structuur Der Rechtswetenschap, 2005)

Setiardja, A. Gunawan, Dasar Dari Hukum, Kapita Selekta Hukum (FH-UNDIP, 2007)

Shidarta, B. Arief, Moralitas Profesi Hukum, Suatu Tawaran Kerangka Berpikir (Bandung: Refika Aditama, 2006)

Sidharta, B. Arief, ‘Struktur Ilmu Hukum Indonesia’, Refleksi Hukum, Jurnal Ilmu Hukum Fakultas Hukum UKSW, 2008, 134

Soegeng Hardiyanto, Hukum Moral dalam Sanubariku, Sebuah Tuturan Ulang Etika Kewajiban Kategoris, dalam buku Merenung Pembangunan, Punjung Tulis 70 Tahun Liek Wilardjo, Fakultas Teknik Elektro dan Program Pascasarjana Studi Pembangunan, Universitas Kristen Satya Wacana Salatiga, 2009.

Sudarto, Hukum Pidana Dan Perkembangan Masyarakat (Bandung: Sinar Baru, 1983)

———, Hukum Pidana I, Cetakan II (Semarang: FH-UNDIP, 1990)

Suriasumantri, Jujun S., Ilmu Dalam Perspektif: Kumpulan Karangan Tentang Hakekat Ilmu (Jakarta: Yayasan Obor Indonesia, 1991)

Tamanaha, Brian Z, Realistic Socio Legal Theory (New York: Oxford University Press, 1997)

Tri Astuti Handayani, Criminal Justice System (CJS) in Accordance with the Perspektive of The Dignified Justice Theory. Int. J. Adv. Res. 5(10), 883-888.

Unger, Roberto Mangabeira, Gerakan Studi Hukum Kritis (Lembaga Studi dan Advokasi Masyarakat, 1999)

Wandi Subroto, Teguh Prasetyo and DJawade Hafidz, Reconstruction of the Laws and Regulations Governing Authority or Power of Legislators to Prevent or Eradicate Corruption: (A Dignified Justice Perspective), Int. J. Adv. Res. 5(6), 1240-1247.

Yuherawan, Deni Setyo Bagus, Dekonstruksi Asas Legalitas Hukum Pidana, Sejarah Asas Legalitas Dan Gagasan Pembaharuan Filosofis Hukum Pidana (Malang: Setara Press, 2014)

Zakiyah, and Wasingatu, Menyingkap Tabir Mafia Peradilan (Jakarta: ICW, 2002)

Published
2020-01-20
Section
Articles