THE URGENCY FOR RATIFICATION OF THE 1970 ILO MINIMUM WAGE FIXING CONVENTION IN THE TIME OF FOURTH INDUSTRIAL REVOLUTION

Keywords: Wages, Labor, Industrial Revolution 4.0, Standard of living, Minimum wages, and Living Wages.

Abstract

Abstrak

Pengaturan pengupahan minimum terhadap tenaga kerja di Indonesia sebelumnya diatur melalui Peraturan Pemerintah Nomor 78 Tahun 2015 dimana pengaturan pengupahan terhadap hak penerima upah yang dirasakan oleh tenagakerja. Namun,yang terbaru pada Peraturan Pemerintah Nomor 36 Tahun 2021 tentang pengupahan bahwa “setiap Pekerja/Buruh berhak memperoleh Upah yang sama untuk pekerjaan yang sama nilainya”. Arti secara perkembangan pengaturan pengupahan terus dilakukan demi mampu menerima pembaruan baik aspek sosial maupun ekonomi. Indonesia hingga saat ini tidak meratifikasi ILO Convention Number 131, 1970 tentang Pengupahan minimum.  Standar penetapan upah sesuai konvensi 131 adalah kebutuhan dari pekerja dan keluarganya, dengan mempertimbangkan tingkah upah secara umum di negara bersangkutan, biaya hidup, jaminan perlindungan sosial, dan standar kehidupan relatif dari kelompok sosial lainnya. ancaman dari era revolusi industri 4.0 memiliki dampak yang cukup signifikan terhadap tenaga kerja minim kemampuan atau terkalahkan dengan tenaga automasi. Pemerintah Indonesia dengan momen ini di saat revolusi industri 4.0 terjadi untuk membuat suatu kebijakan cepat dalam memberikan pengupahan secara batas minimum untuk diratifikasi pada ILO Convention 131, 1970 tentang pengupahan minimum sehingga prinsip dari minimum wages mengalami perubahan menjadi living wages di sistem pengaturan pengupahan di Indonesia.

Kata kunci: pengupahan; revolusi industri 4.0; tenaga kerja

Abstract

Minimum wage arrangements Workers in Indonesia were previously regulated through Government Regulation No. 78 of 2015 where wages were set on the rights of wage recipients felt by workers. However, the latest in Government Regulation Number 36 of 2021 concerningstates that "Wagesevery Worker/Labourer has the right to receive the same Wage for work of the same value". In terms of development, wage arrangements continue to be made in order to be able to receive updates in both social and economic aspects. Indonesia has not yet ratified the ILO Convention Number 131, 1970 concerning Minimum Wages. The standard for setting wages according to Convention 131 is the needs of workers and their families, taking into account the general behavior of wages in the country concerned, the cost of living, social protection insurance, and the relative living standards of other social groups. The threat from the industrial revolution 4.0 era has a significant impact on a workforce with minimal capabilities or is defeated by automation. The Indonesian government at this moment when the industrial revolution 4.0 occurred to make a quick policy in providing minimum wages to be ratified at the ILO Convention 131, 1970 regarding minimum wages so that the principle of minimum wages changed to living wages in the wage regulation system in Indonesia.

Author Biographies

Jean Elvardi, Universitas Andalas
Fakultas Hukum
Arya Putra Rizal Pratama, Universitas Andalas
Fakultas Hukum
Muhammad Ramzy Muliawan, Universitas Andalas
Fakultas Hukum

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Published
2021-08-03
Section
Articles