PENGARUH KOMITMEN ORGANISASIONAL, PENGEMBANGAN KARIER, MOTIVASI KERJA DAN KARAKTERISTIK INDIVIDUAL TERHADAP KEPUASAN KERJA DAN KINERJA PEGAWAI PEMERINTAH KABUPATEN HALMAHERA TIMUR

  • Musa Djamaludin Alumni Doktor Ilmu Ekonomi Program Pascasarjana Universitas 17 Agustus 1945 Surabaya

Abstract

Along with the forming of East Halmahera Regency at 2003, development activities develop rapidly. One of several determining factors of development success is determined by nation apparatus resource. The number of PNS that become the population in this research are employees in the Capital of East Halmahera Regency that isMabaCitywhich total population is 617 persons.

 

          Human resources management influences organizational performance by increasing employee’s commitment that supported by good behavior of all employees. When each employee has commitment, good individual characteristics and good motivation, every employee is hopefully will be able to get working satisfaction and then, these satisfied employee will be able to increase their performance.

 

          In this research, there is 200 employees or 31,32 percent (200/617 x 100%) from the whole population. However, the fact in the field shows that the number of questionnaire as the result of respondents’ answer cannot be tabulated completely, because there is only 194 questionnaire that considered appropriate. It is because 6 of them are destroyed and cannot be interpreted. Sample collection is done by using proportional stratified random sampling technique. Relation among variables in this research is analyzed with SEM (Structural Equation Modeling) with AMOS 4.01 program.

          The result of examination to Goodness of Fit Index (GFI) criteria after model is modified shows that confirmatory analysis and structural Equation Modeling in this research can be accepted because of model fit with Chi-square score = 164.94 (critical value < 124.34); GFI = 0,924 (critical value > 0,90); and AGFI = 0,841 (critical value > 0,90).

 

From the result of this research model, it is found out that organizational commitment, career development and work motivation is effective enough when it is used as stimulator of jobb satisfaction and employee’s performance. In other words, work satisfaction and employee’s performance can be improved through organizational commitment, career development; work motivation and individual characteristics. Among organization commitment, career development, work motivation and individual characteristic variables in the forming of jobb satisfaction and employee’s performance, individual characteristic gives the lowest contribution. It shows that individual characteristic is a factor that needs to receive better attention in order to support employee working achievement.

 

Keywords:    organizational commitment, career development, work motivation, individual characteristics, job satisfaction, employee performance, East Halmahera Regency.

References

As’ad, M, 1995, Psikologi Industri, Leiberty, Yogyakarta

Bacal. Robert, 1999, Performance Management, New York The McGraw-Hill, Companies Inc.

Baron dan Kenny (1986), The Relationship Between Personality Characteristic: Organizationl and Job Performance, Journal Applied Psychology. 71, 2, 366-373.

Bradford, David L. & Cohen, Allan R, 2005, Managing For Excellence (Menjadi Manajer Yang Sangat Baik), Interaksara, Jakarta.

Dessler, Gary, 1997, Manajemen Sumber Daya Manusia, Jilid 2, PT. Prenhallindo, Jakarta.

Djati, S. Pantja, 2003: Kajian Terhadap Kepuasan Kompensasi, Komitmen Organisasi dan Prestasi Kerja, Jurnal Management UK Petra, Surabaya

Duke, K. Monica and Jeannie Sneed, 1999: A Research Model for Relation Individual Characteristics, Leadership, Organizational, Job Condition, Journal Applied Psychology, 92, 3, 326-333.

Ferdinand, Augusty, 2002, Structural Equation Modeling: dalam Penelitian Manajemen, BP. Undip Semarang

Feinstein, AH, 2000, A Study of Relationships Between Job Satifaction, Organization Commitment Among Restorant Employerss, University of Nevada Las Vegas.

Ferdinand, Augusty, 2006, Metode Penelitian Manajemen, BP. Undip, Semarang

Gibson L. James, dkk, 1997, Organisasi: Perilaku, Struktur, Proses, Proses, Jilid 2, Bina Aksara, Jakarta.

Gitosudarmo, Indriyo dan I Nyoman Sudita, 2000, Perilaku Keorganisasian, Edisi Pertama, BPFE, Yogyakarta

Gomes, Faustino Cardoso, 1999, Manajemen Sumber Daya Manusia, Andi Offset, Yogyakarta

Handoko T. Hani, 1991, Manajemen Personalia Dan Sumberdaya Manusia, BPFE, Yogyakarta.

Hersey, P dan Ken Blanchard, 1992, Manajemen Perilaku Organisasi: Pendayagunaan Sumber Daya Manusia, Alih Bahasa Agus Dharma, Erlangga, Jakarta.

Hick, Deborah, 2000, Climate for Diversity and its Effects on Career and Organizational Attitudes and Perceptions, Personel Review, Vol. 29 No. 3, pp 324-345, MCB University Press, Manchester, UK

Irawati, Rina, 2004, Pengaruh Karakteristik Pekerjaan Terhadap Komitmen Organisasi Dengan Kepuasan Kerja Sebagai Variabel Antara, JABM, Vol. 2, Oktober, STIE Malangkuceswara, Malang.

Istijanto, 2005, Riset Sumber Daya Manusia, Gramedia Pustaka Utama, Jakarta.

Kartini, Kartono, 2004, Pemimpin dan Kepemimpinan, PT. Raja Grapindo Persada, Jakarta.

Lako, Andreas, 2004, Kepemimpinan dan Kinerja Organisasi, Amara Books, Yogyakarta.

Kay, David dan Hinds, Roger, 2004, Panduan Praktis Memotivasi, Gramedia, Jakarta

Liden, Robert C. 2001, Managing Individual Performance in Work Groups. Human Resources Management, 2001, Vol. 40, No. 1, pp. 63-72, John Willey, USA

Mangkunegoro, A.A. Anwar Prabu, 2005, Evaluasi Kinerja SDM, Refika Aditama, Bandung.

Mary, O’h Eocha, 2000, A Study of The Influence of Company Culture, Communications and Emmployee Attitudes on the use of 5Ss for Environmental Management at Cooke Brothers Ltd, The TQM Magazine, Vol 12 – Number 5, Birmingham, UK.

Moekijat, 1999, Manajemen Sumber Daya Manusia (Manajemen Kepegawaian), Mandar Maju, Bandung.

Muchlas, Makmuri, 2005, Perilaku Organisasi, Gajah Mada University Press, Yogyakarta.

Mulyanto, 2000, Pengaruh Faktor Motivasi Kerja dan Faktor Kepuasan Kerja Terhadap Kinerja Pegawai pada Biro Keuangan Sekretariat Propinsi Daerah Istimewa Yogyakarta, Thesis, Magister Manajemen, UGM, Yogyakarta, Un Publish.

Rahayu, Fatik, 2000, Komitmen Mnajemen Puncak Terhadap Kualitas dan Keterkaitanya dengan Kepuasan Pegawai, Media Ekonomi, Jakarta.

Robbins P. Stephen, 2003, Perilaku Organisasi Jilid 1, PT. Indeks Kelompok Gramedia, Jakarta

Robert, Knop, 1995, Determinant of Job of Performacne Evalation, Journal Aploied Psychology,129, 6, P.643 (7).

Roesmidi, 1998, Implikasi Faktor Internal dan Eksternal Terhadap Kinerja Pegawai di Lingkungan Staf Pemda Tingkat II Cilacap, Thesis, Magister Manajemen, UGM, Yogyakarta, Un Publish.

Rosidi, 2000, Partisipasi Dalam Pengangguran dan Prestasi ManajerL pengaruh Komitmen Organisasi dan Informasi Job-Relevant, Jurnal Ekonomi dan Manajemen, Vol, No. 1 Juni, Malang.

Savery, Lawson, 1998, The Links Between Absenteeism and Commitment During Downsizing, Personal Review, pp. 312-324, MCB University Press, Mancherster, UK.

Schuler S. randall dan Susan E. Jackson, 2000, Manajemen Sumber daya Manusia menghadapi Abad 21, Erlangga, Jakarta.

Siagian P. Sondang, 1986, Manajemen Sumber Daya Manusia, Bumi Aksara, Jakarta.

Sahetapy, Donny, 2006, Pengaruh Kepuasan Kerja dan Motivasi Kerja Terhadap Prestasi Kerja Pegawai PDAM, Kota Manado, Universitas Sam Ratulangi, Manado.

Sutanto, Eddy M, 1999, The Realtionship Between Employee Commitment and Job Performance, Jurnal Manajemen & Kewirausahaan, Vol. 1, No. 1, Universitas Kristen Petra, Surabaya.

Sutanto, Eddy M, 2003, Hubungan Antara Temjperamen Pegawai, Pemberian Kompensasi, dan Jenjang Karier yang Tersedia Terhadap Prestasi Kerja Pegawai, Jurnal Manajemen & Kewirausahaan, Vol. 5, No. 1, Universitas Kristen Petra, Surabaya.

Suwitho, 2006, Analisis Hubungan Kepuasan Kerja dengan Komitmen Organisasi, JAMBSP, Vol. 2, No. 2, Pebruari, STIE, Surabaya.

Suyitno, 2004, Teori Motivasi dan Aplikasinya, Rineka Cipta, Jakarta.

Smith, Catherine R, 1997, Career Transitions of Dual-Career Couples: an Emperical Study, Dareer Development International, 229-237, Australia.

Stephina, L. Palmer, 1995, Influence Job Performance with Leadership, Commitment Organizational Condition and Job, Satisfaction, The Journal of Psychology, 20, 255-275.

Steer, Richard M, 1985, Effectivitas Organisasi, Erlangga, Jakarta.

Suprayitno, 1993, Analisis Hubungan Antara Faktor-faktor Motviasi dan Kemampuan Kerja dengan Kinerja Petugas Dinas Luar Industri Asuransi Jiwa di Kotamadya Malang, Thesis, Un Publish, UGM, Yogyakarta.

Suterneister, Robert A, 1995, People and Productivity, New York: Mc. Graw Hill Book Company.

Toha, Miftah, 1993, Perilaku Organisasi, Rajawali Press, Jakarta.

……………….., 2007, Undang-Undang Kepegawaian No. 43 Tahun 1999.

Umar, Husein, 2008, Desain Penelitian, MSDM dan Perilaku Pegawai, Rajawali Pers, Jakarta.

Wexley, N.Kenneth dan Yuki A. gary, 1992, Perilaku Organisasi dan Psikologi Personalia, Rineka Cipta, Jakarta.

Wibowo, 2006, Manajemen Perubahan, PT. Raja Grapindo Persada, Jakarta.

Published
2009-01-01
Section
Articles