Statement of Ethics and Malpractice

Author's Obligations
  1. Reporting Standards: Authors of original research reports must present an accurate account of the work performed as well as an objective discussion of its significance. The underlying data must be represented accurately on paper. A paper must contain sufficient detail and references to allow others to replicate the work. Statements that are deceptive or intentionally inaccurate are unethical and unacceptable behavior.
  2. Access and Retention of Data: Authors may be asked to provide raw data with respect to a paper for editorial review. They should be prepared to provide such data within a reasonable time.
  3. Originality and Plagiarism: Authors must ensure that they have written a completely original work, and if the author has used the work and/or words of others, then these have been properly cited or cited.
  4. Multiple, Redundant, or Concurrent Publications: An author may not, in general, publish manuscripts describing essentially the same research in more than one journal or major publication. Submitting the same manuscript to more than one journal at the same time constitutes unethical publishing behavior and is unacceptable.
  5. Acknowledgment of His Source: Proper acknowledgment of the work of others should always be given. Authors should cite publications that were influential in determining the nature of the reported work.
  6. Authorship of Papers: Authorship should be limited to those who have made a significant contribution to the conception, design, conduct, or interpretation of the reported study. All persons who have made significant contributions must be listed as co-authors. Where there are others who have participated in certain substantive aspects of the research project, they must be recognized or listed as contributors. Correspondence authors must ensure that all appropriate co-authors and no inappropriate co-authors are included on the paper and that all co-authors have seen and approved the final version of the paper and have approved its submission for publication.
  7. Disclosures and Conflicts of Interest: All authors must disclose in their manuscripts any financial or other substantive conflicts of interest that may be construed to influence the results or interpretation of their manuscripts. All sources of financial support for the project must be disclosed.
  8. Fundamental errors in published work from MAP Observer: When an author discovers significant errors or inaccuracies in his published work, it is the author's obligation to immediately notify the journal editor or publisher and cooperate with the editor to retract or correct the paper.
  9. Hazards and Human or Animal Subjects of Dia: If the work involves chemicals, procedures, or equipment that have unusual hazards inherent in their use, authors must clearly identify these in the manuscript.