Author Consent

Submissions should be written in Bahasa Indonesia, English, and other languages will be accepted in the case of the editing committee acknowledges. The submitted manuscript shall be a length of approximately 4,000 words, including references, appendices, tables and figures. The review article should be around 3,000 words. They must be typewritten, 1.5 line spaced, with a 12-point Times New Roman font and in a Microsoft Word file. References should be placed at the end of the manuscript. The style of the text, citations, footnotes, and references must conform to the style of the Journal specified in https://;. In order to ensure a double-blind peer review, authors are advised to remove any information that can point to their identity in any way from the manuscript.

Manuscripts should be submitted with author’s biography (less than 100 words), an abstract (150-250 words), five key words, and contact information in a separate file. They should be emailed as attachments addressed to the Journal editor, <>, with a clear note that the manuscript is intended for submission for publication.


Parafrase: Jurnal Kebahasaan & Kesastraan

Text and Manuscript Guideline



  • Ø Spelling

The Journal uses US spelling, and authors should therefore follow the latest edition of the Merriam-Webster's Collegiate Dictionary.

  • Ø Abbreviations

In general, terms should not be abbreviated unless they are used repeatedly and the abbreviation is helpful to the reader. Initially use the word in full, followed by the abbreviation in parentheses. Thereafter use the abbreviation only.For example, World Trade Organization (WTO).

  • Ø Sections, Tables and Figures

Sections and sub-sections should be divided by “1, 1.1., 1.1.1.; 2, 2.1, 2.1.1.; 3, 3.1., 3.1….” And tables and figures should be numbered by <Table 1>, <Figure 1>.



  • Ø Footnotes

Notes should be kept to a minimum and numbered consecutively throughout the article. Notes should be included as footnotes, and not as endnotes. Footnotes with more than 5 lines shall be input to the text.

  • Ø Citations in the Text

All source references are to be identified at the appropriate point in the text by the last name of the author, year of publication and pagination where needed. Identify subsequent citations of the same source in the same way as the first. Examples follow:

1)      If author’s name is in the text, follow it with year in parentheses, e.g., Wong (1986).

2)      Pagination follows year of publication after a colon, e.g., James (1979: 56).

3)      If author’s name is not in the text, insert, in parentheses, the last name and year, e.g., (Duncan 1986: 76).

4)      Give both last names for two authors. Give all last names on first citation in text for more than two authors; thereafter use “et al.” in the text. When two authors have the same last names, use identifying initials in the text, e.g., (Cribb and Brown 1995: 95), (JS Park and JH Park 2011: 23). 

5)      Separate series of references with semi-colons and enclose them within a single pair of parentheses, e.g., (Edwards 1981: 43; Lee et al. 1983: 112).

6)      In case of daily, weekly, monthly publications and similar references, pagination follows dd/mm/yyyy after a comma, e.g. (The New York Times 01/04/2014, 3).

7)      For manuscript that is planned to be published, year of writing shall be indicated. When there is no year of writing, n.d. shall be written. e.g. Taylor(n.d.)

8)      In case of organization author, information that can be identified shall be provided. e.g. (Institute of Foreign Affairs and National Security 1992) 



Detailed information of all literature that was mentioned in the text and footnote shall be shown in <References>at the end of the text. Literature that was not mentioned in the text and footnote shall not be included.

  • Ø Books

-In case of one author: for author name that is romanized, last name and first name shall be put in order. Check the following example:


Kenny, Kevin. 2013. Diaspora: A Very Short Introduction. New York: Oxford University Press.


-In case of more than 2 authors: for the text and footnote, ‘et al.’ shall be written, but for references, all names of co-authors shall be written. However, if ‘et al.’ is written on book cover from the first, it shall be as it is. Check the following example:


Forbes, Andrew and David Henley. 2012. People of Palestine. Chiang Mai: Cognoscenti Books.


-In case of compilation, it shall be written in ed. Check the following example:


Barclay, John M. G., ed. 2004.Negotiating Diaspora: Jewish Strategies in the Roman Empire, Continuum International Publishing Group.


-In case of translated books, it shall be in order of original author, year of publication of translated books, name of translated book, author and publisher. Check the following example:


Coed S. G. 1928. The Indianized States of Southeast Asia. Susan B. Cowing, trans. Honolulu: An East-West Center Book. The University Press of Hawaii.


  • Ø Journal Articles/Monthly Magazine

-In case of papers such as journals, monthly magazine, etc, volume and number shall be in volume (number), and the related page shall be definitely indicatedCheck the following example:


Tölölyan, Khachig. 1996. “Rethinking Diaspora(s): Stateless Power in the Transnational Moment.” Diaspora: A Journal of Transnational Studies, 5(1): 3-36.


  • Ø Chapter in a Book

-In case of the text in compilation, it shall be in order of author, year of publication, compilation name, compiler, related page and publisher.If there is no compiler, then it can be omitted. Check the following example:


Weinar, Agnieszka. 2010. “Instrumentalising Diasporas for Development: International and European Policy Discourses.”Diaspora and Transnationalism: Concepts, Theories and Methods.Rainer Bauböck and Thomas Faist.eds. 73-89. Amsterdam: Amsterdam University Press.


  • Ø Thesis and Dissertation

-In case of thesis and dissertation, the following form shall be followed. Check the following example:


Parker, John. 1988. The Representation of Southeast Asian Art. PhD Dissertation. Harvard University.


  • Ø Newspaper Articles

-In case of daily newspaper, by-line story of weekly magazine and column, the following form shall be followed. Check the following example:


Bajaj, Vikas. 2010. “The Double-Edged Rupee.” New York Times. Oct. 27:23.


  • Ø Internet Sources

-In case of the internet searching, it shall be in order of author, year of production, subject and web address(Accessed Month DD, YYYY). Check the following example:


Hadar, Leon. 1998. U.S. “Sanctions against Burma.” Trade Policy Analysis no. 1. (Accessed May 07, 2008).

Privacy Statement  EditEdit Privacy Statement

The names and email addresses entered in this journal site will be used exclusively for the stated purposes of this journal and will not be made available for any other purpose or to any other party.