Optimism and Resilience of Indonesian Society During Pandemic Covid-19

  • M. Choirul Ibad Faculty of Psychology, Universitas 17 Agustus 1945 Surabaya, Indonesia
  • Suryanto Suryanto Department of Psychology, Faculty of Psychology, Airlangga University Surabaya
  • Dian Evita Santi Department of Psychology, Faculty of Psychology, Airlangga University Surabaya


The number of positive cases of COVID-19 in Indonesia has increased significantly from day to day. Changes in the situation due to a pandemic must be balanced with special efforts to keep people healthy both physically and mentally. Resilience is the individual's capacity to respond healthily and productively when faced with adversity or trauma, which is needed to manage the stresses of everyday life. Optimism is an important aspect in helping to develop resilience towards individuals. The purpose of this study is to provide an overview of the relationship between optimism and the resilience of Indonesian society during the COVID-19 pandemic. This research uses a descriptive quantitative method. The number of participants in this study were 117 people (N = 117) who were selected using convenience sampling technique. Data collection in this study was conducted online using google form. This research uses an optimism scale which is compiled by referring to the aspects of Seligman's (2001) theory, namely the aspects of permanence, pervasiveness, and aspects of personalization. and using The Connor Davidson Resilience Scale (CD-RISC) to measure resilience. The results showed that optimism was significantly associated with resilience (r = 0.440, p = 0.000). These results indicate that optimism has a role in developing resilience during the COVID-19 pandemic. This optimistic attitude encourages people to carry out activities by following health protocols, so that people can manage their daily stresses and be productive. The suggestion from this research is that the results of this study can be used as a basis for providing further interventions, especially for people affected by COVID-19.
Keywords: Optimism; resilience; pandemic COVID-19


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