Gratitude and Anxiety In Families With Covid 19

  • Moh. Rizqi Lazuardi R Faculty of Psychology, Universitas 17 Agustus 1945 Surabaya, Surabaya, Indonesia
  • M. G. Bagus Ani Putra Faculty of Psychology, Universitas 17 Agustus 1945 Surabaya, Surabaya, Indonesia


Corona virus disease 2019 (COVID-19) is an infectious disease caused by SARS COV 2. The SARS COV 2 virus can spread very quickly and can even cause death, making most people feel anxious. Anxiety about COVID 19 certainly has a huge impact, especially on the families of COVID 19 patients. One of the efforts to reduce anxiety is by increasing a sense of gratitude. Gratitude is one way of diverting individuals from negative psychological states to positive ones. The purpose of this study was to provide an overview of the relationship between gratitude and anxiety in the families of Covid 19 patients. This study used a quantitative descriptive method. The study participants involved 71 people (N = 71) who were selected using convenience sampling technique. Data collection in this study was conducted online using google form. This study used the HARS (Hamilton Anxiety Rating Scale) scale to measure anxiety. And the adaptation of the gratitude scale according to the average size of Indonesians compiled by Listiyandini, et al. The results showed that gratitude has a significant negative measure between the level of gratitude and the reduction rate in the family of covid 19 patients (co-efficiency has = -267; p = 0.024). These results indicate that a high level of gratitude can reduce family anxiety of Covid 19 patients. The suggestion from this study is that the victim's family can increase a sense of gratitude as an effort to reduce anxiety due to the Covid 19 pandemic.
Keywords: Gratitude; anxiety; family of covid 19 patients


Ahorsu DK., Imani V., Lin CY., Timpka T. Brostro¨m A. (2020). Updegraff JA et al. Associations between fear of COVID-19, mental health, and preventive behaviours across pregnant women and husbands: An actorpartner interdependence modelling. Int J Ment Health Addict. 020-00340-x

Algoe, S. B., Gable, S. L., & Maisel, N. C. (2010). It’s the little things: Everyday gratitude as a booster shot for romantic relationships. Personal Relationships, 17, 217–233. doi:10.1111/j.1475 6811.2010. 01273.x

Algoe, S. B., Fredrickson, B. L., & Gable, S. L. (2013). The social functions of the emotion of gratitude via expression. Emotion, 13, 605–609. doi:10.1037/a0032701

Algoe, S. B., & Way, B. M. (2014). Evidence for a role of the oxytocin system, indexed by genetic variation in CD38, in the social bonding effects of expressed gratitude. Social Cognitive and Affective Neuroscience, 9, 1855–1861. doi:10.1093/scan/nst182

American Heritage Dictionary of the English Language (2009). Hoghton Mifflin Company: USA.

Azwar, Saifuddin. 1999. Metode Penelitian. Yogyakarta: Pustaka Pelajar Offset.

Bao Y, Sun Y, Meng S, Shi J, Lu L. (2020). 2019-nCoV epidemic: address mental health care to empower society. Lancet.

Cardoso, C., Ellenbogen, M. A., & Linnen, A. (2012). Acute intranasal oxytocin improves positive selfperceptions of personality. Psychopharmacology, 220, 741–749. doi:10.1007/s00213-011-2527-6

Chang KC., Hou WL., Pakpour AH., Lin CY., Griffiths MD. (2020). Psychometric testing of three COVID-19-related scales among people with mental illness. Int J Ment Health Addict. s11469-020-00361-6

Chen IH., Chen CY., Pakpour AH., Griffiths MD., Lin CY. (2020). Internet-Related Behaviors and Psychological Distress Among Schoolchildren During COVID-19 School Suspension .

Colonnello, V., & heinrichs, M. (2014). Intranasal oxytocin enhances positive self-attribution in healthy men. Journal of Psychosomatic Research, 77, 415–419. doi:10.1016/j.jpsychores.2014.06.016

Creeg, David and Cheavens J. S (2020). Gratitude Interventions: Effective Self-help? A Meta-analysis of the Impact on Symptoms of Depression and Anxiety. Department of Psychology, The Ohio State University, Columbus. https://doi: 10.1007/s10902-020-00236-6.

Creswell, John W. (2019). Reseacrh Design-Pendekatan Metode Kualitatif, Kuantitatif, dan Campuran. Yogyakarta : Pustaka Belajar

Dai L.L., Wang X., Jiang T-C., Li P-F., Wang Y., Wu S-J, et al. (2020). Anxiety and depressive symptoms among COVID-19 patients in Jianghan Fangcang Shelter Hospital in Wuhan, China. journal.pone.0238416

Depue, r. A., & Morrone-Strupinsky, j. V. (2005). A neurobehavioral model of affiliative bonding. Behavioral and Brain Sciences, 28, 313–395. doi:10.1017/S0140525X05000063

Derogatis, L. R., & Spencer, P. M. (1982). The Brief Symptom Inventory: Administration, scoring, and procedures manual. Baltimore: Clinical Psychometric Research.

Gail W. Stuart. (2006). Buku Saku Keperawatan Jiwa. Alih Bahasa: Ramona P. Kapoh & Egi Komara Yudha. Jakarta: EGC.

Gratitude and Anxiety In Families With Covid 19

Gilbert, P. (2010). Compassion focused therapy: Distinctive features. New york, Ny: routledge/Taylor & Francis Group.

Gilbert, P. (2014). The origins and nature of compassion focused therapy. British Journal of Clinical Psychology, 53, 6–41. doi:10.1111/bjc.12043

Huang Y, Zhao N. (2020). Chinese mental health burden during the COVID-19 pandemic. Asian J Psychiatr.

Jeffrey S. Nevid, dkk. (2005). Psikologi Abnormal. Edisi Kelima. Jilid 1. Jakarta: Erlangga.

Kendler, K. S., Liu, X. Q., Gardner, C. O., McCullough, M. E., Larson, d., & Prescott, C. A. (2003). dimensions of religiosity and their relationship to lifetime psychiatric and substance use disorders. American Journal of Psychiatry, 160, 496–503. doi:10.1176/appi.ajp.160.3.496

Lee, Mary K (2019). Gratitude as an Antidote to Anxiety and Depression: All the Benefits, None of the Side Effects. Lerner Center for Public Health Promotion. Syracuse University.

Listiyandini et all. (2015). Mengukur Rasa Syukur: Pengembangan Model Awal Skala Bersyukur Versi Indonesia. Jakarta : Fakultas Psikologi, Universitas YARSI

McCullough, M., Emmons, R. A., & Tsang, J.-A. (2002). The grateful disposition: A conceptual and empirical topography. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 82(1), 112-127

Peterson, C., & Seligman, M.E.P. (2004). Character Strength and Virtues: A Handbook & Classification. New York: Oxford University Press.

Petrocchi, N., & Couyoumdjian, A. (2016). The impact of gratitude on depression and anxiety: The mediating role of criticizing, attacking, and reassuring the self. Self and Identity, 15, 191-205. https://doi:10.1080/15298868.2015.1095794

Rajkumar RP. (2020). COVID-19 and mental health: A review of the existing literature. Asian J Psychiatr.

Tsang, j. (2006). Gratitude and prosocial behaviour: An experimental test of gratitude. Cognition and Emotion, 20, 138–148. doi:10.1080/02699930500172341

Umi, Mubarak. (2017). Korelasi antara Kebersyukuran Terhadap Kecemasan Menghadapi Persalinan Pada Ibu Hamil Trimester Tiga di Banjarmasin. Jurnal Psikologi, Volume 13 Nomor 1. Universitas Islam Negeri Antasari Banjarmasin.

Wang C, Horby PW, Hayden FG, Gao GF. (2020). A novel coronavirus outbreak of global health concern. Lancet.

Wang C, Pan R, Wan X, Tan Y, Xu L, Ho CS et al. (2020) Immediate Psychological Responses and Associated Factors during the Initial Stage of the 2019 Coronavirus Disease (COVID-19) Epidemic among the General Population in China. Int J Environ Res Public Health. ijerph17051729.

Watkins, P.C., Woodward, K., Stone T., dan Kolts, R.L. (2003). Gratitude and happiness: Development of a measure of gratitude, and relationships with subjective well-being. Social Behavior and Personality, 31 (5), 431-452.

Williams, L. A., & Bartlett, M. y. (2014). Warm thanks: Gratitude expression facilitates social affiliation in new relationships via perceived warmth. Emotion, 15(1), 1–5. Advance online publication. doi:10.1037/emo0000017

Wood, A.M., Maltby, J., Gillet, R., Linley, P.A., & Joseph, S. (2008). The role of gratitude in the development of social support, stress, and depression: Two longitudinal studies. Journal of Research in Personality, 42, 854-871.

Zarghami M. (2020). Psychiatric aspects of coronavirus (2019-nCoV) infection. Iran J Psychiatry Behav Sci.


International Seminar of Multicultural Psychology (ISMP 1st)

Faculty of Psychology Universitas 17 Agustus 1945 Surabaya

Zhou SJ, Zhang LG, Wang LL, Guo ZC, Wang JQ, Chen JC et al. (2020). Prevalence and socio-demographic correlates of psychological health problems in Chinese adolescents during the outbreak of COVID-19.