“I’ll Be There for You”: The Role of Social Support Towards Migrant-Students' Mental Health During Pandemic Covid-19

  • Ratna Dyah Suryaratri Department of Psychology, Universitas Negeri Jakarta, Jakarta, Indonesia
  • Rahmadianty Gazadinda Department of Psychology, Universitas Negeri Jakarta, Jakarta, Indonesia
  • Anggi Anggraini Department of Psychology, Universitas Negeri Jakarta, Jakarta, Indonesia


Mental health is one of important elements in achieving academic success for students. However, the current condition of the Covid-19 pandemic will likely have negative impact on students’ mental health, especially those who live far from their parents and families. The purpose of this study is to investigate the role of social support from family, friends, and significant others towards migrant-students’ mental health. The study used quantitative method approach. The Multidimensional Scale of Perceived Social Support (MPPS) was used to measure social support and the Mental Health Inventory (MHI) scale was used to measure students’ mental health. The respondents in this study were 133 migrant-students in Jakarta who did not return to their hometown during this situation. The data were collected through a questionnaire distributed online with an incidental sampling technique. The result of this study indicates a significance contribution of social support towards mental health of migrant-students (F=27,305; CI95%; p=0.000). The social support variable contributed 17.2% to the mental health of students, while 82.8% was influenced by other factors. These findings suggest that support from family, friends and closest people during pandemic contribute to migrant-students’ mental health and furthermore will likely increase their academic success.
Keywords: Mental health; migrant-students; quantitative method; social support


Astuti, T., & Hartati, S. (2013). Dukungan Sosial Pada Mahasiswa Yang Sedang Menyusun Skripsi (Studi Fenomenologis Pada Mahasiswa Fakultas Psikologi Undip). Jurnal Psikologi, 12(1), 1-13. https://doi.org/10.14710/jpu.12.1.1-13

Baron, R.A. dan Byrne, D. (2005). Psikologi sosial. Edisi kesepuluh: jilid 2. Jakarta: Erlangga.

“I’ll Be There for You”: The Role of Social Support Towards

Migrant-Students' Mental Health During Pandemic Covid-19

Estiane, U. (2015). Pengaruh dukungan sosial sahabat terhadap penyesuaian sosial mahasiswa baru di lingkungan perguruan tinggi. Jurnal Psikologi Klinis dan Kesehatan Mental, 4(1), 29-40.

Galderisi, S., Heinz, A., Kastrup, M., Beezhold, J., & Sartorius, N. (2015). Toward a new definition of mental health. World Psychiatry, 14(2), 231–233. https://doi.org/10.1002/wps.20231

Halim, C. F., & Dariyo, A. (2016). Hubungan Psychological Well-Being dengan Loneliness pada Mahasiswa yang Merantau (Relationship between Psychological Well-Being and Loneliness among Overseas Student). Jurnal Psikogenesis, 4(2), 170–181.

Hanurawan, F. (2012). Strategi Pengembangan Kesehatan Mental Di Lingkungan Sekolah. Psikopedagogia Jurnal Bimbingan Dan Konseling, 1(1). https://doi.org/10.12928/psikopedagogia.v1i1.2572

Harandi, T. F., Taghinasab, M. M., & Nayeri, T. D. (2017). The correlation of social support with mental health: A meta-analysis. Electronic Physician, 9(9), 1–11. https://doi.org/10.19082/5212

Harita, A., Nurchayati. (2018). Interaksi Struktur Dan Agency: Studi Kasus Migrasi Pendidikan Mahasiswa Perempuan Luar Jawa Ke Surabaya. Character : Jurnal Psikologi, 0(0). https://doi.org/10.12928/psikopedagogia.v1i1.2572

Hefner, J., & Eisenberg, D. (2009). Social Support and Mental Health Among College Students. American Journal of Orthopsychiatry, 79(4), 491–499. https://doi.org/10.1037/a0016918

Khan, M. J., & Arif, A. (2019). Role of Social Support as Predictor of Mental Health Among University Students. 13(1), 1–11.

Kitzrow, M. (2009). The Mental Health Needs of Today's College Students: Challenges and Recommendations. Journal of Student Affairs Research and Practice, 46. https://doi.org/10.2202/1949-6605.5037

Lakey, B., & Orehek, E. (2011). Relational Regulation Theory: A New Approach to Explain the Link Between Perceived Social Support and Mental Health. Psychological Review, 118(3), 482–495. https://doi.org/10.1037/a0023477

Nadlyfah, K. A., & Kustanti, R. A. (2018). Hubungan Antara Pengungkapan Diri Dengan Penyesuaian Diri Pada Mahasiswa Rantau Di Semarang. Jurnal Empati, 7(1), 136-144.

Nurayni, & Supradewi, R. (2017). Dukungan sosial dan rasa memiliki terhadap kesepian pada mahasiswa perantau semseter awal di Universitas Diponegoro. Proyeksi, 12(2), 35–42.

Pramestuti, N. A., & Dewi, K. S. (2014). Distres ditinjau dari dukungan sosial teman sebaya pada mahasiswa tahun pertama Universitas Diponegoro. Empati, 3(4), 442-452.

Reid, G. M., Holt, M. K., Bowman, C. E., Espelage, D. L., & Green, J. G. (2016). Perceived Social Support and Mental Health among First-Year College Students with Histories of Bullying Victimization. Journal of Child and Family Studies, 25(11), 3331–3341. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10826-016-0477-7

Salsabhilla, A., & Panjaitan, R. U. (2019). Dukungan Sosial Dan Hubungannya Dengan Ide Bunuh Diri Pada Mahasiswa Rantau. Jurnal Keperawatan Jiwa, 7(1), 107. https://doi.org/10.26714/jkj.7.1.2019.107-114


International Seminar of Multicultural Psychology (ISMP 1st)

Faculty of Psychology Universitas 17 Agustus 1945 Surabaya

Sasmita, I. A. G. H. D., & Rustika, I. M. (2015). Peran efikasi diri dan dukungan sosial teman sebaya terhadap penyesuaian diri mahasiswa tahun pertama Program Studi Pendidikan Dokter Fakultas Kedokteran Universitas Udayana. Jurnal Psikologi Udayana, 2(2), 280-289.

Steinhardt, M., & Dolbier, C. (2008). Evaluation of a resilience intervention to enhance coping strategies and protective factors and decrease symptomatology. Journal of American college health, 56(4), 445-453.

Veit, C. T., & Ware, J. E. (1983). The structure of psychological distress and well-being in general populations. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 51(5), 730–742. https://doi.org/10.1037/0022-006X.51.5.730

Zimet, G. D., Powell, S. S., Farley, G. K., Werkman, S., & Berkoff, K. A. (1990). Psychometric Characteristics of the Multidimensional Scale of Perceived Social Support. Journal of Personality Assessment, 55(3–4), 610–617. https://doi.org/10.1080/00223891.1990.9674095