Sense of Community and Quality of Life in the Poor Society during Covid-19 Pandemic

  • Johan Satria Putra Faculty of Psychology, Universitas YARSI, Jakarta, Jakarta, Indonesia
  • Entin Nurhayati Faculty of Psychology, Universitas YARSI, Jakarta, Jakarta, Indonesia
  • Rahib Munib Abdul Rahman Faculty of Psychology, Universitas YARSI, Jakarta, Jakarta, Indonesia
  • Abu Rizal Baqri Faculty of Psychology, Universitas YARSI, Jakarta, Jakarta, Indonesia

Abstract

Indonesian people have a collective culture that adheres to the values of togetherness and kinship, so that the role of the community is quite significant in influencing the quality of life of the community, especially during the Covid-19 pandemic. This influence may have a higher implication for low-income societies as the vulnerable ones. The aim of this study is to examine the influence of the sense of community on each dimension (physical, psychological, social, environmental) of the quality of life in the poor communities in Jakarta. The participants were 289 Jakartans with low socio-economic status, which were collected using incidental sampling. The data were analyzed using the Spearman correlation method. The results of data analysis show that there is a very significant relationship between the sense of community and the social dimensions of the quality of life (p <0.001), with a spearman rho = 0.342. However, on the other hand it was found that the sense of community was negatively correlated with the psychological dimension (p = 0.012; p <0.05; rho = -0.147), the physical dimension (p = 0.01; p <0.05; rho = -0.150), and has no correlation with the environmental dimensions (p = 0.620; p> 0.05) of the participants’ quality of life. This result is very likely affected by the data collecting process and the characteristics of the participants. The results of this study might be used by various communities in the poor societies and also the government institutions upon them, especially to strengthen ties and social support between members during the Covid-19 pandemic.
Keyword: poor society; quality of life; sense of community

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Published
2020-12-17