The Relationship Between Emotional Maturity and Altruism In Covid-19 Volunteers

  • Anrilia E M Ningdyah Faculty of Psychology, Universitas 17 Agustus 1945 Surabaya, Surabaya, Indonesia
  • Maftuhah Maftuhah Faculty of Psychology, Universitas 17 Agustus 1945 Surabaya, Surabaya, Indonesia


Altruism is a positive and necessary characteristic especially during crisis condition; Covid-19 pandemic being one of the example. A degree of altruism is needed to mobilize people to help each other by providing necessary care. Voluteers of Covid-19 pandemic, especially, have been driven to provide help and crisis-related actions by alleviating the suffering of others on a voluntary basis without expecting anything in return. In the midst of global anxiety toward the disease, Covid-19 volunteers from over the world still provide necessary assistance and support to Covid-19 patients and related community impacted by the pandemic. Studies have identified factors influencing altruism, which are: emphaty, mood, emotional maturity, situational and personal characteristics. This study aims to contribute to the discussion of altruism in the context of Covid-19 pandemic, by examining relationship between emotional maturity and altruism in Covid-19 volunteers in East Java, Indonesia. The subject of this research are Covid-19 volunteers who were based in East java and who work either in hospitals that handle Covid-19 patients or those who provide pro-bono services within the Covid-19 crisis intervention framework in the country. A total sample of 125 volunteers were taken using purposive sampling technique. This research utilizes non-experimental quantitative method with a correlational approach. The questionnaire-based data collection technique was presented in the form of a Likert scale consisting of an altruism scale, and a scale of emotional maturity. Hypothesis testing was carried out by Pearson’s product moment analysis techniques. The result of the analysis showed that there was a significant relationship between emotional maturity and altruism.
Keywords: Altruism, emotional maturity, volunteer, Covid-19 pandemic


Asih, G. Y., Maria, M., & Pratiwi, S. (2010). Perilaku Prososial Ditinjau Dari Empati dan Kematangan Emosi. Jurnal Psikologi Universitas Muria Kudus, I(1), 33–42.

Arikunto, Suharsimi. (2010). Prosedur Penelitian: Suatu Pendekatan Praktis. Jakarta: Rineka Cipta

Baron, R. A. dan Byrne. D. (Alih Bahasa oleh Ratna Djuwita). (2005). Psikologi sosial. Jilid 2. Alih Bahasa: Ratna Djuwita. Edisi kesepuluh. Jakarta: Erlangga.

The Relationship Between Emotional Maturity and

Altruism In Covid-19 Volunteers

Brar, S. K. (2017). Altruistic Behavior Among Adolescents In Relation To Their Emotional Maturity. International Journal of Educational Science and Research (IJESR), 7(5), 29–36.

Davidoff, 1991,"Affective and Predatory Violence: a Bimodal Classification System of Human Aggression and Violence." Journal Aggression & Violent Behavior, h. 1-30. 7 Dec. 1991.

Eisenberg, N., & Mussen, P. H. (2000). The roots of prosocial behavior in children. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press

Gottman, J. 2001. Kiat-kiat Membesarkan Anak yang Memiliki Kecerdasan Emosional (terjemahan). Jakarta: PT Gramedia Pustaka Utama.

Haryati, T. D. (2013). Kematangan Emosi , Religiusitas Dan Perilaku Prososial Perawat Di Rumah Sakit. Persona, Jurnal Psikologi Indonesia, 2(2), 162–172.

Hurlock, E. B. (2010). Perkembangan anak. Jilid 2. Alih Bahasa: Med. Meitasari Tjandrasa dan Muslichah Zarkasih. Edisi keenam. Jakarta: Erlangga.

Meichati.S.(1983). Kesehatan Mental. Yogyakarta: Fak. Psikologi Universitas Yogyakarta.

Melina, G. G. (2012). Resiliensi Dan Altruisme Pada Relawan Bencana Alam. Jurnal Psikologi Ulayat, I(Desember), 17–24.

Myers, G. David., (2012). Psikologi Sosial, Salemba Humanika, Jakarta

Nasution, M. (2016). Hubungan Antara Pola Asuh Permissive Indulgent Dan Interaksi Sosial Dengan Kematangan Emosi. Analitika, 8(1), 30–34.

Nielsen, M. L. (2010). Incorporating a Concept of Altruism into Psychoanalytic Theory. International Journal of Applied Psychoanalytic Studies Int. J. Appl. Psychoanal., 7(4), 262–280.

Sugiyono. (2011). Metode Penelitian Kuantitatif Kualitatif dan R&D. Bandung: Alfabeta

Taufik, 2012. Empati Pendekatan Psikologi Sosial, Jakarta, Raja Grafindo Persada. “Menyoal Tingginya Kematian Nakes Indonesia Akibat Covid-19”. CNN Indonesia. Diarsipkan dari versi asli tanggal 2020-08-05, Diakses tanggal 1 September 2020 dari