Ki Ageng Suryomentaram’s Concept Of Mawas Diri In Psychology: A Review

  • Maria Ardhita Mahayu Pramesti Universitas 17 Agustus 1945 Surabaya
  • Livia Natania Setiawan Universitas 17 Agustus 1945 Surabaya


The exploration of cross-cultural psychological studies presents an intriguing avenue for research, not solely for the purpose of exploring existing theories, but also for acknowledging the diverse cultural backgrounds and the profound impact of cultural interactions on various aspects of individuals. This article delves onto the concept of mawas diri (self-awareness), which constitutes an integral component of Ki Ageng Suryomentaram’s teachings on Kawruh Jiwa (the science or knowledge of the human psyche), particularly in its relevance to the field of psychology. Mawas diri entails a methodical process of self-exploration through the discernment between subjective experiences and conceptualisations thereof (Suryomentaram, 1991). The concept of mawas diri exhibits significant parallels with established psychological notions, including emotional regulation, mindfulness, and its practical applications within counselling and psychotherapy.

Keywords: Cross-Cultural Psychology ; Kawruh Jiwa; Mawas Diri; Self-Awareness


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