Analisis Keandalan Transformator Diagram Segaris Penyulang Merpati Menggunakan Metode Mean Time to Failure (MTTF)

  • Suparno Suparno Universitas Cendrawasih Papua

Abstract

Dengan berkembangnya taraf hidup masyarakat pedesaan di Jayapura, maka keandalan sistem distribusi primer sangat dibutuhkan untuk memenuhi kebutuhan tenaga listrik. Oleh karena keandalan jaringan distribusi primer yang masih rendah di UPL (Unit Pelayanan Listrik) Yarmokh, akan diperbaiki dengan ditempatkannya sebuah Gardu Induk Sisipan untuk membagi luas daerah pelayanan. Gardu Induk Sisipan sangat dimungkinkan dibangun mengingat jaringan transmisi 150 kV telah beroperasi. Jaringan transmisi tersebut menggunakan material Aktiva Tetap Tidak Bergerak (ATTB) yang tersedia di PLN. Penelitian ini bertujuan membandingkan keandalan jaringan distribusi primer sebelum dan sesudah pemasangan gardu induk sisipan agar dapat digunakan sebagai rekomendasi untuk meningkatkan keandalan pada sistem tersebut. Berdasarkan kedua metoda perhitungan didapatkan hasil nilai SAIDI pada masing-masing penyulang masih sesuai dengan standart PLN sebesar 4,364 jam/tahun dan untuk hasil nilai SAIFI pada masing-masing penyulang masih sesuai dengan standart PLN sebesar 1,199 jam/tahun.

Author Biography

Suparno Suparno, Universitas Cendrawasih Papua
Teknik Elektro,

References

A. Ali, D. Setiawan, and U. Situmeang, ‘ANALISIS KEANDALAN TRANSFORMATOR DAYA 60 MVA MENGGUNAKAN METODE DISTRIBUSI WEIBULL’, p. 6, 2019.

A. A. Prabowo, ‘ANALISA KEANDALAN TRANSFORMATOR GARDU INDUK WILAYAH SURABAYA MENGGUNAKAN METODE MONTE CARLO’, Undegraduate Thesis of Electrical Engineering, RSE 621.314 Pra a, 2011, Jul. 2011, Accessed: Dec. 18, 2021. [Online]. Available: http://digilib.its.ac.id/ITS-Undergraduate-3100011044146/15898

Y. B. J. Manurung, ‘Studi Analisis Keandalan dan Efisiensi Transformator Daya di Gardu Induk Denai Pt.Pln Persero’, 2021, Accessed: Dec. 18, 2021. [Online]. Available: https://repositori.usu.ac.id/handle/123456789/32467

H. Pardamean, ‘STUDI ANALISIS PENGARUH PERUBAHAN BEBAN TERHADAP EFISIENSI TRANSFORMATOR DAYA DI PLTA PT. WAMPU ELECTRIC POWER (WEP)’, Sep. 2019, Accessed: Dec. 18, 2021. [Online]. Available: http://repository.uhn.ac.id/handle/123456789/3244

KAJIAN EFISIENSI TRANSFORMATOR DAYA TERHADAP PERUBAHAN BEBAN DI GARDU INDUK SERPONG PT.PLN (PERSERO) | Perpustakaan. Accessed: Dec. 18, 2021. [Online]. Available: //library.iti.ac.id/opac/index.php?p=show_detail&id=80212&keywords=

M. Fadhliyansyah, ‘ANALISIS PERHITUNGAN RUGI-RUGI TRANSFORMATOR AKIBAT HARMONISA (STUDI KASUS GARDU DISTRIBUSI SMTI PONTIANAK)’, p. 11.

T. Timotius, ‘MAKALAH JARINGAN DISTRIBUSI TENAGA LISTRIK’, Accessed: Dec. 18, 2021. [Online]. Available: https://www.academia.edu/22787117/MAKALAH_JARINGAN_DISTRIBUSI_TENAGA_LISTRIK

F. F. S. Lihawa, I. H. Tumaliang, and S. Silimang, ‘PERENCANAAN JARINGAN DISTRIBUSI TENAGA LISTRIK 20KV DI UNIVERSITAS SAM RATULANGI’, p. 14.

‘Makalah Gardu Distribusi | PDF’, Scribd. https://id.scribd.com/document/414155333/makalah-gardu-distribusi-docx (accessed Dec. 18, 2021).

C. Wang et al., ‘An evaluation method for power supply capacity of distribution system’, in 2008 Third International Conference on Electric Utility Deregulation and Restructuring and Power Technologies, Apr. 2008, pp. 1244–1248. doi: 10.1109/DRPT.2008.4523597.

L. Zhihong, Z. Jie, F. Min, and S. Ming, ‘Design and implementation of visualized multi-dimensional integrated management platform for switching substation (power distribution room)’, in 2016 China International Conference on Electricity Distribution (CICED), Aug. 2016, pp. 1–5. doi: 10.1109/CICED.2016.7576069.

Y. Tong, H. Zhang, L. Jing, and X. Wu, ‘Flexible substation and its control for AC and DC hybrid power distribution’, in 2018 13th IEEE Conference on Industrial Electronics and Applications (ICIEA), May 2018, pp. 423–427. doi: 10.1109/ICIEA.2018.8397754.

R. W. Smith and D. L. Dietrich, ‘The bathtub curve: an alternative explanation’, in Proceedings of Annual Reliability and Maintainability Symposium (RAMS), Jan. 1994, pp. 241–247. doi: 10.1109/RAMS.1994.291115.

E. E. Lewis and H.-C. Chen, ‘Load-capacity interference and the bathtub curve’, IEEE Transactions on Reliability, vol. 43, no. 3, pp. 470–475, Sep. 1994, doi: 10.1109/24.326448.

A. Hromádka and Z. Martínek, ‘Usability Assessment of Mathematical Models of the Bathtub Curve’, in 2019 20th International Scientific Conference on Electric Power Engineering (EPE), May 2019, pp. 1–5. doi: 10.1109/EPE.2019.8778149.

C.-T. Su, J.-J. Wong, and C.-J. Fan, ‘System and Load Points Reliability Evaluation for Electric Power Systems’, in 2007 1st Annual IEEE Systems Conference, Apr. 2007, pp. 1–7. doi: 10.1109/SYSTEMS.2007.374678.

N. V. Savina, Y. V. Myasoedov, and L. A. Myasoedova, ‘Influence of Quality of the Electric Energy on Reliability of Electrical Supply Systems’, in 2018 International Multi-Conference on Industrial Engineering and Modern Technologies (FarEastCon), Oct. 2018, pp. 1–5. doi: 10.1109/FarEastCon.2018.8602690.

B. Bousshoua, A. Elmaouhab, and A. Chehri, ‘Reliability Analysis of Electrical Power System Analyse de la Fiabilité des Réseaux de Production- Transport d’Energie Electrique’, in 2018 International Conference on Electrical Sciences and Technologies in Maghreb (CISTEM), Oct. 2018, pp. 1–5. doi: 10.1109/CISTEM.2018.8613447.

X. Shi and A. M. Bazzi, ‘Fault tree reliability analysis of a micro-grid using Monte Carlo simulations’, in 2015 IEEE Power and Energy Conference at Illinois (PECI), Feb. 2015, pp. 1–5. doi: 10.1109/PECI.2015.7064928.

J. M. Chen, T. S. Bi, and M. Sun, ‘Study on quality risk assessment for power transformer based on fault tree analysis’, in 2016 China International Conference on Electricity Distribution (CICED), Aug. 2016, pp. 1–4. doi: 10.1109/CICED.2016.7576091.

J.-F. Moon, J.-C. Kim, H.-T. Lee, S.-S. Lee, Y. T. Yoon, and K.-B. Song, ‘Time-varying failure rate extraction in electric power distribution equipment’, in 2006 International Conference on Probabilistic Methods Applied to Power Systems, Jun. 2006, pp. 1–6. doi: 10.1109/PMAPS.2006.360275.

R. Wang, A. Xue, S. Huang, X. Cao, Z. Shao, and Y. Luo, ‘On the estimation of time-varying failure rate to the protection devices based on failure pattern’, in 2011 4th International Conference on Electric Utility Deregulation and Restructuring and Power Technologies (DRPT), Jul. 2011, pp. 902–905. doi: 10.1109/DRPT.2011.5994021.

J. E. Cota-Felix, F. Rivas-Davalos, and S. Maximov, ‘An alternative method for estimating mean life of power system equipment with limited end-of-life failure data’, in 2009 IEEE Bucharest PowerTech, Jun. 2009, pp. 1–4. doi: 10.1109/PTC.2009.5281863.

Published
2021-12-24